Why doesn’t Canada have a Rust Belt. Is it race?
The more he looked, the more one big difference between Canada and the United States emerged: It came down to race. Put simply, U.S. cities tend to have large black and other non-white populations and Canadian cities do not.
American cities like Detroit gained black and other non-white residents in the early to mid 20th Century, sparking a white backlash that devastated those cities.
But Canada, which practiced more restrictive immigration and housing policies, blocked such an influx of non-white residents into their cities. So the relatively few non-white people in Canada could never create the same sort of economic impact as the larger numbers did in American cities.
“There’s no chance they ever would be because there is no city in Canada that is a majority non-white city,” Hackworth told me. “The biggest difference, it’s indelicate to put it this way, is that there’s no threat to white supremacy in Canada.”
Spitballing: I think there may be something to this. I also think that the US has the virtue of being large and having so many cities, it’s easier to simply leave a city behind because there are just as many major cities elsewhere. Replacing St Louis with Phoenix is doable. I’m not sure how Canada replaces Toronto.