Jonathan Rowe: “Did the Ancient Jews in fact have a Republic?”
[D]id the Ancient Hebrews in fact have a “republic”? As I read the text of the Bible, I don’t see it. …
… I wonder what the prevailing theologians make of the idea that the Ancient Hebrews had a “republic.” I may be ignorant here but I can’t think of any current “leading” Christian theologian of whatever ideological stripe endorsing the notion that the Ancient Jews had a “republic.” Not Pope Benedict, not R.C. Sproul, not Russell Moore, not N.T. Wright, not (the relatively recently departed) Jaroslav Pelikan, not Miroslav Volf, not Bishop Spong, not Rachael Held Evans, etc. They may have made these arguments or addressed the issue; I’m just not aware of them.
In the past, yes, very notable thinkers did make this argument which had, according to Dr. Nelson, profound consequences. They took the notion of “republicanism” that was entirely a matter of pagan Greco-Roman origin, and grafted it onto the Old Testament. But in so doing, drafted what they saw as the economic egalitarianism of Ancient Jews into the concept of “republicanism.”